Difference between revisions of "Film Simulation"

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(Added Startup Time section)
(RawTherapee Film Simulation Collection)
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Apply these images to your photos in Hald CLUT-capable software such as RawTherapee to instantly match the colors of your photo to the chosen reference.
Apply these images to your photos in Hald CLUT-capable software such as RawTherapee to instantly match the colors of your photo to the chosen reference.
The suffixes +, ++, +++, -, --, --- refer to the strength the film was [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Push_processing pushed or pulled] during development (non-linear), and "generic" refers to the film type usually sold for rebranding.
The suffixes +, ++, +++, -, --, --- refer to the strength the film was [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Push_processing spinto o tirato] during development (non-linear), and "generic" refers to the film type usually sold for rebranding.
; [http://rawtherapee.com/shared/HaldCLUT.zip Download] (402MB!)
; [http://rawtherapee.com/shared/HaldCLUT.zip Download] (402MB!)

Revision as of 21:08, 21 October 2017

The Film Simulation tool can change the look of a photo to match a film stock with a single click.

The Film Simulation tool allows you to match the colors of your photo to a chosen reference with a single click.

To use this tool you need some images in the Hald Color Look-Up Table (Hald CLUT) pattern. Either download the RawTherapee Film Simulation Collection below, or make your own. The first time you run this tool you will find a message informing you that you need to point RawTherapee to a folder which contains the reference images this tool uses. After downloading the RawTherapee Film Simulation Collection or making your own, go to "Preferences > Image Processing > Film Simulation" and point it to the folder which contains them. A restart of RawTherapee is required.

Startup time

It is important that you create a folder which you will only use for storing downloaded or self-made Hald CLUT images. Don't store anything else in that folder. The reason for this is that RawTherapee scans this folder every time you start it, so if the folder contains more files than necessary you will experience a very slow startup time (it could take minutes). If you use any RawTherapee version since February 2016, you will be warned if scanning on startup takes more than 10 seconds. When that happens, just click the button in the popup to stop the scan, then go to "Preferences > Image Processing > Film Simulation" to see which folder is being used, and either point RawTherapee to a folder which contains only Hald CLUT images and nothing more, or to an empty folder if you don't want to use the Film Simulation tool.

To give you an idea of how the startup time is affected, RawTherapee takes about 2.5s to start when using an empty Hald CLUT folder, and about 100ms longer, 2.6s, when using a Hald CLUT folder containing 500 files in it (that's more than in our RawTherapee Film Simulation Collection). If, however, you were to accidentally tell RawTherapee that the Hald CLUT folder is C:\Program Files (x86), then the startup time could take several minutes. As you can see, there is no reason to worry when using Hald CLUTs as long as you use a dedicated folder as suggested, keeping only Hald CLUT images in it.

How It Works

The level 12 Hald_CLUT_Identity.tif image.

This tool uses specially prepared images in what is called a Hald CLUT pattern. It contains all the possible colors mapped out in a specific arrangement, modified from the known original state of the Hald_CLUT_Identity.tif image. It scans each pixel of the Hald CLUT image you choose, computes the difference between that pixel's color and the corresponding pixel's color in the identity file, and then tweaks that color in your photo accordingly. If your photo contains colors not present in the Hald CLUT image, the missing colors will be interpolated so that posterization will not occur.

For a full explanation, refer to Eskil Steenberg's page on Hald CLUT: http://www.quelsolaar.com/technology/clut.html

To generate an identity 12-level 16-bit Hald CLUT image using ImageMagick, run this command in a console:

convert hald:12 -depth 16 -colorspace sRGB hald12_16bit.tif


We recommend you use ImageMagick to generate the identity file if you need to generate one, as the program for generating them on www.quelsolaar.com has a bug which can cause issues with highlights. You can of course use the identity file we provide here - it is bug-free. Furthermore, we recommend that you use Hald CLUTs in the TIFF format if you're using RawTherapee-4.2.140 or older, as there was a small gamma bug which made the image slightly darker overall. This bug has been fixed in version 4.2.141. You could of course ignore the issue altogether if you're using Hald CLUTs for aesthetic purposes, as the change in brightness is subtle and can easily be compensated for using RawTherapee's exposure slider or curves, or explained away as being part of the CLUT's intended look.

Make Your Own

This section explains how to put the Hald CLUT identity file to use so that it reproduces a specific rendering of color and lightness.

  1. Open a photo in RawTherapee or some other image editing program and tweak it to your liking. Remember that the Film Simulation tool can only reproduce global tonal changes, so make no local changes - no local contrast, no tone-mapping, etc.; make no changes which move pixels - no distortion correction; use no sharpening or noise reduction; make only global tonal adjustments - color and saturation changes, curves, levels, color and film modes. Save the sidecar file or write down the changes you made so that you can reproduce the changes in the next step.
  2. Open the identity Hald CLUT image in the same program and apply the same sidecar file or re-do the same tweaks as you did in the step above.
  3. Save this image as an 8-bit sRGB TIFF or PNG in the Hald CLUT folder you pointed RawTherapee to. It's now ready for use. Restart RawTherapee so that your new Hald CLUT appears in the list.

Even if your Hald CLUT image contains colors in only 8-bit precision, missing values will be interpolated so that posterization will not occur in your photo. As such, since there is no loss of quality, we recommend using the level 12 identity file and storing your self-made Hald CLUT images in the sRGB color space, 8-bit per channel. See the Caveat section above to help you decide whether to use the TIFF or PNG format.

If you apply this Hald CLUT to a photo in RawTherapee and the photo unexpectedly and unintentionally becomes considerably darker or lighter than it should have, then it's likely that the program which you ran it through did something with the gamma. To remedy, you have to undo what that program did. Try generating your own 12-level Hald CLUT but instead of using the "sRGB" colorspace use just "RGB".

Advanced - Identity DNG

Some programs might not let you open a TIFF image. If the program supports DNG files, and demosaiced ones at that (what Adobe DNG Converter refers to as "Linear (Demosaiced)"), then you can use this trick. Using ImageMagick, ExifTool and the commands below, making use of the fact that DNG is just a form of TIFF, you can generate an identity Hald CLUT in DNG format:

convert hald:12 -depth 16 -colorspace RGB -gravity NorthWest -splice 4x4 -gravity SouthEast -splice 4x4 foo.tif
exiftool -DNGVersion= -PhotometricInterpretation='Linear Raw' foo.tif
mv -v foo.tif Hald_CLUT_Identity_12.dng

Raw editing programs will discard a certain number of pixel rows and columns from the image edges for technical reasons to do with demosaicing. How many rows and columns get discarded depends entirely on the program. You need to figure this out. A 12-level identity Hald CLUT will have precisely 1728x1728 pixels. When you process that CLUT in a program whose color effects you're trying to emulate, the saved image must have precisely 1728x1728 pixels. Since you're fooling the program into thinking it's working on a raw file, and since it will probably discard some pixels around the edges, you need to figure out exactly how many rows and columns of padding are needed and add them around the image. RawTherapee cuts off 4 pixels all around when reading demosaiced DNG files, so the command above first adds a 4 pixel row and column to the bottom and right edges, then another 4 pixel row and column to the top and left edges. When you open this image in the target program, zoom into each side's edge and figure out whether you need to add more (or remove some), then modify the command accordingly.

Once you have the borders figured out, merely open this DNG in the target program and follow the steps above in the "Make your own" section.

RawTherapee Film Simulation Collection

This archive contains a collection of film simulation profiles in the Hald Color Look-Up Table (Hald CLUT) pattern. Unless otherwise noted in the filename, they are all in the sRGB color space, 8-bit per channel, in the PNG image format. Most of them are designed to mimic the results of various film stocks, pushed and pulled in various ways or faded over time.

Apply these images to your photos in Hald CLUT-capable software such as RawTherapee to instantly match the colors of your photo to the chosen reference.

The suffixes +, ++, +++, -, --, --- refer to the strength the film was spinto o tirato during development (non-linear), and "generic" refers to the film type usually sold for rebranding.

Download (402MB!)
Added the "CreativePack-1" color collection.
Converted all TIFFs to PNG (except for the identity image).
The identity CLUT had a bug causing cyan colors in the highlights, it has been replaced with a fixed one.
Numbered the files so they are sorted in the correct order when pushed or pulled (--, -, normal, +, ++).
The first public release.
Re-organized into Color and Black-and-White, sub-folders sorted by brand.
Expanded README.txt and added disclaimer.
The first internal release.
All images re-compressed with maximum lossless compression.

Learn more about Hald CLUTs here:



Pat David - http://rawtherapee.com/forum/memberlist.php?mode=viewprofile&u=5101
Pavlov Dmitry - http://rawtherapee.com/forum/memberlist.php?mode=viewprofile&u=5592
Michael Ezra - http://rawtherapee.com/forum/memberlist.php?mode=viewprofile&u=1442


The trademarked names which may appear in the filenames of the Hald CLUT images are there for informational purposes only. They serve only to inform the user which film stock the given Hald CLUT image is designed to approximate. As there is no way to convey this information other than by using the trademarked name, we believe this constitutes fair use. Neither the publisher nor the authors are affiliated with or endorsed by the companies that own the trademarks.